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Sobanukirwa ubuvanganzo bw’amazina y’inka, mu muco nyarwanda

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Amazina y’inka ari mu buvanganzo bwimakaza umuco w’Abanyarwanda, cyane cyane mu kugaragaza uko babagaho n’uko bafataga ubutunzi bwabo.

Nk‘uko tubikesha igitabo “Umuco mu Buvanganzo’’ cyanditswe n’Umusizi Nsanzabera Jean de Dieu, Amazina y’inka ni nk’ibyivugo cyangwa ibisingizo by’inka z’inyambo.

Iyi nganzo yatangiye kugaragara cyane ku ngoma ya Yuhi IV Gahindiro ahasaga mu wa 1746. Kuva icyo gihe ni bwo Abisi (abahanga mu byo kwita inka) batangiye ibyo kureba (mu bwenge) inka bakaziremesha ingamba. Inka baziremagamo imitwe bakayirwanisha.

Icyo gihe nibwo Abanyarwanda babifitiye ubushake n’ubushobozi bibanze ku bwiza n’akamaro kanini inka zari zifite, batangiye kuzivuga bazirata ndetse bakazirwanisha no ku rugamba.

Amazina y’inka yakoreshwaga kenshi mu mihango igaragaza icyubahiro cy’abakomeye, bayavugaga bazisingiza mu gihe cyo gukwa, kuzigaba no kuzimurika. Inka z’inyambo zagiraga umwanya wazo wo kuzimurika mu mwiyereko w’akataraboneka nk’ubukungu bw’ikirenga bw’igihugu.

Mu Rwanda rwa kera inka yari ifite agaciro gakomeye. Inka ni yo yarangaga ubukire. Niyo yari ifaranga ry’icyo gihe. Inka ni yo yari ipfundo ry’ubuhake. Tuzi kandi neza ko ubuhake bwarambye mu Rwanda. Bwanahambiraga umugaragu kuri shebuja, akitwa umuntu we akamwirahira.

Intwari yo ku rugamba yagororerwaga inka, Inka yungaga inshuti, uwahemukiye undi mu bintu bikomeye yicaga icyiru cy’inka, inka yahuzaga inshuti kuko abahanaga inka babaga babaye inshuti z’amagara.

Inka bayikwaga umugeni, umusore wabaga yaraye arongoye baramubyukurukirizaga inka, zikamukamirwa. Mu itwikurura ry’umugeni bazanaga amata. Umubyeyi yarabyaraga, bajya kumuhemba bakazana amata.

Umwana iyo yahambaga se cyangwa sekuru yahabwaga inka y’inkuracyobo (inkuramwobo). Umwana wahambaga nyina cyangwa se nyirakuru byitwaga gukamira nyina cyangwa nyirakuru.

Mu mihango yo kwera hazagamo ibyerekeye kujya ku kibumbiro, hakazamo ibyo guha amata abana b’uwatabarutse. Mu ndamukanyo z’Abanyarwanda dusanga abantu bifurizanya gutunga bati “Gira inka, Gira amashyo”.

Uwagendera byonyine kuri ibi byiza byose tumaze kubona ntiyatangazwa no kubona haravutse ubuvanganzo bufatiye ku nka bwinshi. Ibyo bigaragarira mu buvanganzo bwo:

Amahamba: Ni indirimbo zaririmbwaga n’abashumba bacyuye inka.

Amabanga cyangwa amahindura: Indirimbo abashumba baririmbaga inka zirisha, batarazihata inkoni ngo ziboneze zitahe.

Inzira: Indirimbo zaririmbirwaga inka mu gihe zabaga zigana amabuga cyangwa ibibumbiro.

Amajuri: Bayaririmbiraga inka mu gihe zishoka.

Ibihamagaro: Ni indirimbo zikoreshwa igihe inka zikamwa.

Ibyisigo: indirimbo zo mu gihe cyo kudahira. Basingizaga amazi ahiye hamwe n’inka zabaga zayashotse.

Indama: Indirimbo baririmbaga mu gihe inka zabaga zibyagiye ahantu, bazishoye amabuga cyangwa ibibugazi. Izo ndirimbo hari n’ubwo zaririmbwaga mu minsi mikuru bamurika inka. Icyo gihe abagore n’abakobwa bahimbazaga izo ndirimbo baziha amashyi.

Imyoma: Indirimbo zaririmbwaga mu gihe cy’impeshyi, inka zigisha (zigana ahari ubwatsi).

Amazina y’inka: Ni ibisingizo by’inka, bazisingizaga mu bihe byo kuzigaba, kuzimurika no kuzikwa.

Uwashaka kumenya imyifatire y’Abanyarwanda bo hambere, agashaka kumenya ibyo babaga bimirije imbere, yabisanga mu mazina y’inka.

Amahamba ni bimwe mu bisingizo by’inka mu muco nyarwanda

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